Water softener systems are used to soften the hard water. Hard water is the water that leaves traces or white patches on your kitchen slabs and other areas (if not cleaned soon). The reason for the water becoming hard is the presence of ions like magnesium and calcium in it. Use water softeners to get rid of such ions present in your water. Turn hard water into soft water effectively via water softening systems obtained from Automatic Water softener suppliers in India. Let us take a look on the 7 major terms used in water softening systems.
The 7 terms we are about to discuss in depth are:
- Cabinet model
- Side by side model
- Resin beads
- Brine tank
- Resin tank
- Brine solution
- Ion exchange process
Only one single cabinet is responsible for the whole water softening function in the cabinet model water softening systems. This demands a shutdown of the entire system for the cleaning the system well before further use – once the efficient water softening functionality limit is crossed. It is during this shut down time that the system is made ready for further water softening processes.
Side by side model
Side by side model consists of two different tanks that work together. One tank called the brine tank is the responsible for facilitating the process called regeneration (will be discussing the same shortly). The other tank called the resin tank is where the actual water softening procedure occurs via the ion exchange process (will be discussing it in detail shortly).
Resin beads are small beads present inside the water softener systems. They play a major role in softening the hard water pumped into the softener system. Resin beads have ions – like sodium ions – sticking to it that helps in softening the water. These beads work properly until all the sodium ions get removed from it (during the softening process). Then they have to undergo regeneration process via which they gain new sodium ions for assisting further water softening activities.
Brine tank is present in the side by side model of water softeners along with the resin tank. This tank influences the regeneration process. Brine tank contains salt touching water and therefore offers sodium ions to the resin beads (once the resin beads lose majority of their sodium ions and become ineffective in softening any more water).
The layers of resin beads reside in the resin tank. Resin tank is therefore the place where the actual water softening process happens – via the sodium ions attached to the resin beads. The accumulated hard water ions like magnesium and calcium – via the ion exchange process – are taken away from here into the draining system (for flushing them out).
Brine tank contains salt touching water and this solution is called the brine solution. Salt is sodium chloride and hence the brine solution is capable of supplying enough sodium ions during the regeneration process to the resin beads. This brings back the softening efficiency of resin beads.
Ion exchange process
The ion exchange process happens inside the resin tank – in the side by side model. The process in which the resin beads exchanges sodium ions with the hardening ions – like calcium and magnesium – is called as the ion exchange process. It is via this process that the water softening procedure occurs.
Get help from Industrial Water Softener Company in Haryana and ensure the conversion of hard water into soft water before its usage. The hard water that enters the side by side water softening system passes the resin beads in the resin tank. Resin beads leave sodium ions attached to it and capture hardening ions like calcium and magnesium. This process is called as ion exchange & removes the hardness of water – making it soft. After a certain limit the efficiency of the resin beads gets reduced because of losing most of the sodium ions. Then the brine solution is pumped from brine tank to the resin tank. It gives resin beads new sodium ions and flushes the hardening ions & dirt into the draining system. This brings back the efficiency of the resin beads. They become able enough to do further water softening procedure effectively – via more ion exchange processes. Gather water softener system and be away from the hard water issues!