All About Surgical & Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal treatment is an effective way of maintaining the oral cavity in a good state. This is to protect patients from acquiring any gum disease. Periodontal therapy is the treatment done by conducting special gums and dental cleaning procedures to better manage the bacteria that cause mouth and gum diseases.

The poor bacteria living in your mouth are responsible for gum disease. By sticking to the teeth, the bacteria will irritate the gums making them bleed. The gums and bones which support your teeth will eventually be damaged by this. Undertaking a periodontal treatment will help you in so many ways like having healthy-looking and clean gums that play a big role in making a beautiful smile as well as a fresh breath as it constantly cleanses your mouth from bacteria, tartars, and plaque. Moreover, periodontal treatment is part of the possible early discovery of developing oral health threats. Dentists may determine probable build-ups through an examination and can take steps to prevent these threats soon.

The re-contouring of gum and bone through a well-planned surgical procedure to reduce the possibility of the more periodontal disorder is basically the Surgical Periodontal Treatment while Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment utilizes non-surgical procedures such as scaling, plaque removal and control, etc. by incorporating some cleaning chemicals.

Here are some of the important tricks you need to know about surgical and non-surgical periodontal therapy:

Surgical Periodontal Therapies

Flap Surgery/Pocket Reduction Surgery

The gums are lifted or flapped during this process removing tartars and other hidden substances. Irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed in certain instances to restrict areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then positioned so that the tissue surrounding the tooth fits perfectly. This approach limits the size of the gap between the gum and the tooth, thereby limiting the areas where pathogenic organisms will develop and reducing the risk of severe periodontal disease-related problems.

Bone Grafts

In order to repair the bone damaged by gum disease, this surgical process is done by using fragments of bone; it can be your own, fake, or donated. The grafts serve as the catalyst in restoring solidity to the teeth. The use of recent tissue engineering enables the recovery of bone and tissue by your own body at an increased pace.

Soft Tissue Grafts

This type of surgical periodontal treatment is incorporated during an excessive gingival recession. To reduce the exposure of the tooth roots, soft tissue grafts are taken from your palate and positioned to the affected place. These then are surgically positioned covering the receded area.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

This treatment encourages bone and gum tissue development. If the bone that protects or supports the teeth is broken, then guided tissue regeneration must take place. A thin strip of mesh-like material is placed in between the gum tissue and the bone. This process will help the concerned to regrow resulting in more solid support and protection to the teeth.

Bone Surgery

Craters are created after a series of advanced bone losses. After a subsequent flap surgery, the bone that surrounds the tooth is restructured to reduce craters. By doing so, bacteria and microbes will have a hard time forming and multiply.

Non-surgical Periodontal Therapies

Professional Dental Cleaning

Your dentist or dental hygienist from Markham Smile Centre can eliminate the plaque and tartar present on your teeth during a professional dental cleaning. This type of non-surgical periodontal treatment is needed to take away hardened plaque (tartar) and other substances present on your mouth. For active gum disease, dental cleanings are not a cure but they are an essential prevention tactic to avoid imminent formations.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling is a nonsurgical treatment done by scraping away plaques and tartar present on the teeth and on the gum lines while Root planing is identified to be one of the deep cleaning procedures as it penetrates into the roots of the tooth to make it plane and smooth. Both procedures eliminate the presence of bacteria and future formations. Otherwise, gum diseases might exist and cause serious complications if left untreated.

Signs of Gum Disease

A bacterial infection in the gums causes periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease. Lingering bacteria allow the teeth to form plaque that contributes to the formation of tartar. Gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease, sets in as tartar builds up. Swollen and tender gums, swelling during brushing and flossing, bad breath, receding gums, and toothaches are symptoms of the infection. Gum disease, left unaddressed, can spread to other parts of the mouth and contribute to tooth loss. Maintaining a healthy everyday oral hygiene regimen at home will reduce gum disease. Several surgical and non-surgical treatments are available to cure gum disease if it occurs.

Pros of Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy

When you develop some of the probable symptoms of gum disease, visit a periodontist for an initial check-up and possible early treatment. There are many advantages provided by non-surgical periodontal therapies like preventing the spread of infection in a minimal amount of time and secure your gums’ health without undertaking unnecessary surgery. Adjustment of the bite may be carried out to realign the bite to ease unnecessary tension on the teeth and gums, which may lead to infecting the gums more quickly.

The advantages of treating gum disease with non-surgical periodontal treatments are abundant. Without proper treatment, you might compromise and put your oral health into so many risks. Otherwise, you could prevent the development of gum disease and have your oral health preserved. Contact the Markham Smile Center to be guided and know your illegibility of such a procedure.

Risks of Periodontal Therapy

Based on the type of treatment you are to undertake, the complications involved with periodontal treatments are unpredictable and may vary. Nevertheless, these are also commonly considered relatively part of the process, with the only real risk being that of potential infection as a result of work done on the gums.

Periodontal therapies are very common alternatives to a lot of dental issues but that doesn’t guarantee they’re right for everybody. Contact us for your individual dental concerns to inform you of any particular threats that you should be aware of. The success of the entire treatment depends on the level of expertise of your chosen periodontist or therapist. We, at Markham Smile Center, are experts in periodontal-related procedures whether it is surgical or non-surgical.